Innovation Democracy and Innovation in Developing Countries

Innovation democracy is broad term that describes a wide range of methods and innovations in the areas of democratic governance and citizenry. These changes and adaptations are often triggered by specific crises or pressures and attempt to address a range of public problems and uphold different values, including the justice of racial minorities, social cohesion economic vitality or public health. A large portion of these reforms are also influenced by technological advancements that allow people to form groups without having to physically meet.

Despite their diverse nature, these innovations share common features, including a re-evaluation of democratic norms, the development of participatory imaginaries, and the mobilization of a variety of publics to engage in activism and governance. These characteristics make them an important source of regeneration for a system of democracy that is in crisis. Yet existing scholarship has not been able to adequately capture and explore the imaginaries of democracy and citizenship which inspire new ways of doing things. Furthermore, imposing movement models of democracy into classical definitions and designs of democracy risks eliminating a priori precisely those aspects of innovation that could serve to revive democracies in crisis.

This article is designed to present an approach that is more nuanced to understanding the impact of democracy on innovation in developing countries by exploring the role of the governance process, the political system as well as the wider social contexts. It tests the hypothesis that democratization in developing countries is a precondition for innovation by looking at the relationship between the level of democracy and patent applications as well as trademark registrations in different regions of the globe. The study also focuses on whether the impact of democracy on innovation varies in non-democratic countries and also within different types of democracy. It employs econometric strategies such as OLS fixed effect, fixed effect and System GMM estimation.

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